In recognition of their contributions to the field of quantum information science, which has critical applications such as in the realm of encryption, three scientists shared this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics on Tuesday.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences recognized Frenchman Alain Aspect, American John F. Clauser, and Austrian Anton Zeilinger for figuring out how invisible particles like photons or minute pieces of matter can be connected despite being separated by great distances.
Everything stems from an aspect of the world that even Albert Einstein found puzzling and connects matter and light in a convoluted, chaotic manner.
Clauser, 79, received his honor for an experiment in 1972 that assisted in resolving a famous quintessential physics argument between Albert Einstein and eminent physicist Niels Bohr.
According to Einstein, there is “a spooky action at a distance” that will someday be proven false.
Clauser admitted, “I was betting on Einstein. However, I was mistaken, Einstein was wrong, and Bohr was correct.
Even though he cannot explain it, Clauser claimed that research he has done on quantum mechanics proves that information cannot be contained within a closed volume, such as “a small box that sits on your desk.”
According to Clauser, most people would presume that materials dispersed throughout space and time make up nature. And it doesn’t seem to be the case.
According to David Haviland, chair of the Nobel Committee for Physics, quantum entanglement “has to do with taking these two photons and then measuring one over here and knowing something about the other instantaneously over here.”
Furthermore, if the two photons are entangled, we can create a shared knowledge between two separate observers of these quantum objects.
And this makes it possible for us to accomplish things like secret communication that were before impossible.
Quantum information is not a mystical mental exercise because of this, according to Nobel committee member Eva Olsson. It is a “vibrant and expanding field,” she said.