On Sunday, Israeli authorities released a forecast of potential catastrophic weather events brought on by rising world temperatures.
From June through September, when temperatures in the nation could reach 49 degrees Celsius, the National Emergency Management Authority (NEMA) of the Ministry of Defense and the Israel Meteorological Service studied the potential effects of two severe heat waves (120 degrees Fahrenheit).
The likelihood of fires would increase, peak electricity usage would jump by 10%, and fatality rates may rise by 8.5%, according to a simulation designed to help government agencies prepare for scorching weather.
A heat wave typically consists of seven to ten days warmer than usual.
A brief reprieve might also occur between two heat waves in the same month. The reference scenario predicts that the Negev Desert and the northern valleys will reach 44 degrees Celsius (111 Fahrenheit), the mountainous regions will reach 42 degrees Celsius (107.6 Fahrenheit), the coastal plain of Israel will reach 35 degrees Celsius (95 degrees Fahrenheit) with more than 50% humidity, and the Jordan Valley and the Arava region will reach 49 degrees Celsius.
Brig. Gen. (res.) Yoram Laredo, director of NEMA, said: “The attribution scenario we are giving to government ministries illustrates the repercussions of a severe occurrence.”
The scenario serves as a legally binding document that guides the planning and execution of government ministries. It outlines the seasons that are more likely to experience heat waves, how frequently they are expected, heat maps, the highest temperatures that can be expected anywhere in Israel, and the consequences to be prepared for, such as an increase in electricity consumption and the possibility of large fires as well as a significant rise in morbidity and mortality, ” he added.
NEMA’s responsibilities include understanding dangers to the general populace and developing reference scenarios for preparing emergency bodies and government ministries. Due to the rise in recent years in climate-related occurrences, NEMA and the Israel Meteorological Service have developed reference scenarios for extreme weather, including floods, fires, and droughts.
Heat waves can severely disrupt the everyday routine, resulting in severe economic loss and even endangering human life.
To minimize damage and restore everyday life as fast as possible, their occurrence demands early preparation, coordination, and involvement of numerous bodies and authorities.