According to research made public by the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) on Monday, July 2023 was the hottest month on record for the planet since 1880.
The analysis found that July 2023 was 2.1 degrees Fahrenheit (1.18 degrees Celsius) warmer than the typical July between 1951 and 1980 and 0.43 degrees Fahrenheit (0.24 degrees Celsius) warmer than any previous July in NASA’s record.
According to NASA Administrator Bill Nelson, “Americans are right now experiencing firsthand the effects of the climate crisis in every corner of the country.
NASA data confirms what billions around the world literally felt: Temperatures in July 2023 made it the hottest month on record.
According to NASA statistics, regions of South America, North Africa, North America, and the Antarctic Peninsula had temperatures that were roughly 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius) above usual.
NASA compiles its temperature record using information on surface air temperature from tens of thousands of metrological stations as well as information on sea surface temperature from devices installed on ships and buoys.
According to NASA, high sea surface temperatures contributed to July’s record warmth. According to the agency’s analysis, the eastern tropical Pacific has very warm water temperatures, which is proof of the El Nio that started to form in May 2023.
According to NASA, this summer’s high heat caused hundreds of heat-related illnesses and deaths and also subjected tens of millions of people to heat warnings.
The record-breaking July continues a long-term trend of human-driven warming, which has become apparent over the past 40 years and is mostly caused by greenhouse gas emissions.
The previous five years have seen each of the five hottest Julys since records began in 1880, according to NASA statistics. The increase in average temperatures is causing deadly extreme heat that people are experiencing both locally and globally, according to GISS Director Gavin Schmidt. “The science is clear: this isn’t normal. Alarming warming around the world is driven primarily by human-caused greenhouse gas emissions,” he added.
According to Katherine Calvin, chief scientist and senior climate advisor at NASA headquarters in Washington, D.C., “Climate change is affecting people and ecosystems around the world, and we expect many of these impacts to escalate with continued warming.
A large portion of the United States has continued to experience extreme temperatures. As temperatures continue to soar into the deadly triple digits for millions of inhabitants, the US National Weather Service issued heat alerts on Sunday for approximately one-third of Americans.
In 16 US states, there are heat alerts for more than 115 million people.